Nishida Prize

Huixin Liu


Research on the vertical coupling between the atmosphere and ionosphere using high-precision satellite observations and whole atmosphere models

A list of five major papers

  • Huixin Liu, H. Lühr, V. Henize, W. Köhler, Global distribution of the thermospheric total mass density derived from CHAMP, J. Geophys. Res., 110, A04301, doi:10.1029/2004JA010741, 2005.
  • Huixin Liu, H. Lühr, S. Watanabe, V. Henize, W. Koehler, P. Visser, Zonal winds in theequatorial upper thermosphere: Decomposing the solar flux, geomagnetic activity, and seasonal dependencies, J. Geophys. Res., 111, A07307, doi:10.1029/2005JA011415, 2006.
  • Huixin Liu, H. Lühr, Strong disturbance of the upper thermospheric density due to magnetic storms: CHAMP observations, J. Geophys. Res., 110, A09S29, doi:10.1029/2004JA010908, 2005.
  • Huixin Liu, M. Yamamoto, H. Lühr, Wave-4 pattern of the equatorial mass density anomaly- A thermospheric signature of tropical deep convection, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L18104, doi:10.1029/2009GL039865, 2009.
  • Huixin Liu, E. Doornbos, M. Yamamoto, S. T. Ram, Strong thermosphere cooling duringthe 2009 major statratosphere warming, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L12102, doi:10.1029/2011GL047898, 2011.”

Major achievements

Dr. Huixin Liu made a multitude of landmark scientific discoveries using high-precision accelerometer observations and whole atmosphere-ionosphere coupled models, and has transformed the way we think about atmosphere-ionosphere coupling. Her findings about the thermosphere mass density anomaly and equatorial wind jet demonstrate the strong magnetic control of the neutral atmosphere via ion drag, revolutionizing our view on the thermosphere-ionosphere dynamics. She also demonstrated the multifaceted thermosphere response to magnetic storms and solar flares and their physical processes, making pace-setting advances in space weather research related to satellite drag. Furthermore, she discovered the thermosphere cooling caused by stratosphere sudden warming and the interannual variation related to El-Nino Southern Oscillation, elucidating the atmospheric tides and gravity waves that connect the meteorological weather with space weather. As such, Dr. Liu seeks to understand the connection between the atmosphere, thermosphere, and ionosphere along the Sun-Earth line, and to bridge the gap between space physics and meteorology. Her interdisciplinary research work is ground-breaking and highly recognized in the international science community.


Mamoru Yamamoto