Solid Earth Sciences(S)
Session Sub-categoryScience of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics
Session IDS-IT25
TitleDeep Carbon: Diamond formation and carbon speciation in Earth and planetary processes
Short TitleDeep Carbon
Main ConvenerNameEiji Ohtani
AffiliationDepartment of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University
Co-Convener 1NameKonstantin Litasov
AffiliationV.S. Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy SB RAS
Co-Convener 2NameHiroyuki Kagi
AffiliationGeochemical Research Center, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo
Co-Convener 3NameCraig E Manning
AffiliationUniversity of California Los Angeles
Session LanguageEE
ScopeDiamonds are observed in various localities including terrestrial and extraterrestrial environments. However, there are several reports on the diamond localities from non-traditional sources including ultra-deep seated diamonds, ultrahigh pressure metamorphic rocks, various magmas, some meteorites and terrestrial craters. These diamonds might be formed by shock events, crystallization from fluids, magmas, or metallic melts, and CVD process. In this session, we welcome papers on occurrence and origin of diamonds from traditional and non-traditional sources in earth and meteorites. We also encourage the experimental studies on diamond genesis, speciation of carbon bearing compounds in terrestrial rocks and meteorites. We welcome papers on formation mechanisms of diamond in natural metal-carbon systems, chromatographic study of deep seated and experimental fluids. We also welcome papers dealing with behavior of organic materials at high pressure and high temperature corresponding to the deep earth and planets. In some chromitites, various enigmatic high pressure phases have been reported as inclusions together with diamond. We also encourage the presentations on descriptions and discussions on the origin of these materials.
Presentation FormatOral and Poster presentation
Joint Session withAGU
Invited Authors
  • Richard Wirth (Helmholtz Centre Potsdam GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences Section 4.4)
  • Hiroaki Ohfuji (Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University)
Time Presentation No Title Presenter Abstract
Oral Presentation May 22 AM2
10:45 - 11:00 SIT25-01Unique occurrences of graphite and diamond in Almahatta Sitta ureiltiesMasaaki Miyahara Abstract
11:00 - 11:15 SIT25-02Diamonds and other unusual phases formed during high-temperature gas phase condensation (CVD) in local microenvironments in volcanic rocks. Richard Wirth Abstract
11:15 - 11:30 SIT25-03Cuboctahedral diamonds from volcanic rocks of Kamchatka: Contamination or growth in unusual environments?Konstantin Litasov Abstract
11:30 - 11:45 SIT25-04Origin of carbonado, an enigmatic polycrystalline diamond deduced from its microtexture and inclusionsHiroaki Ohfuji Abstract
11:45 - 12:00 SIT25-05Retrograde phases of former bridgmanite inclusions in superdeep diamonds?Hiroyuki Kagi Abstract
12:00 - 12:15 SIT25-06Behavior of nitrogen contained aromatic compound under high-pressure and high-temperature conditions under deep interior of the Earth.Ayako Shinozaki Abstract
Presentation No Title Presenter Abstract
Poster Presentation May 22 Core Time
SIT25-P01 Revision of the CaCO3–MgCO3 phase diagram at 3 and 6 GPa Konstantin Litasov Abstract
SIT25-P02 The T-X phase diagram Na2CO3–CaCO3 at 3 GPa Konstantin Litasov Abstract
SIT25-P03 FIB-TEM study of the diamond-graphite boundary in K-bearing tourmaline (Kokchetav massif, Northern Kazakhstan) Konstantin Litasov Abstract
SIT25-P04 Verification of Origin of Kimber light pipe by Abduction with Multi-Impact Hypothesis2014 U06-P24
-Demonstration of Spourting Mantle (including deep diamond rocks) Mechanism
Akira Taneko Abstract