Session outline
Session Sub Category Union
Session ID U-06
Title Social Responsibility of Earth Science.
Short title Social Responsibility of Earth Science.
Convener Name Daisuke Suetsugu Shigeko Haruyama Koshun Yamaoka
Affiliation Japan Geoscience Union
International Symposium No request
Language Japanese
Scope The following three sub-sessions provide opportunities to discuss the unavoidable relation between earth science and the public in terms of their decision making.

1. The Message from East Japan mega earthquake
After East Japan Mega Earthquake, two years have been passing and time flies. The rehabilitation and reconstruction activities in the rear disaster of unheard-of dimensions are still now continuing. On the other hand, the scientists and science are taken to court for discussion of expectation of natural disaster in Italy. In this context, we need discussion for integration of disaster mitigation, and how to transmit of disaster information accurately and how to share the appropriate technology of disaster prevention for the society. In this sub-session, we would like to argue with reporters and audience for collaboration of social science, geo-sciences and engineering.

2. Scientific assessment of nuclear power plants in Japan and knowledge of Earth science
The 2011 Tohoku earthquake caused severe damage of the Fukushima daiichi nuclear power plant and ongoing radiation effects. Seismologists and geologists have been involved in siting process of nuclear power plants in Japan. Now we realize that broader disciplines of Earth science (e.g., meteorology, oceanography, soil science) are necessary to understand the potential hazard of nuclear power plants. It is important to have a forum in the Earth science community for open and frank discussions on the scientific issues of potential hazard of nuclear power plants in Japan, where the activity of earthquake and tsunami is highest in the world. As a first step, we would share how the knowledge of Earth science has been involved in siting and hazard assessment of nuclear power plants in Japan, about which many Earth scientists ourselves might not realize.

3. On the information dissemination for safety and security

The earthquake in L'Aquila in 2009 was a destructive event that occurred just after the official announcement that stated no major earthquake is impending. The governmental commission, in fact, did not deny the possibility of major earthquake, but the announcement is misinformed to the public. The session will provide an opportunity to discuss the problem in the information dissemination of scientific information which accommodates
inherent uncertainty. This sub-session starting with learning the fact of the case associated with the L'Aquila earthquake, including social and political background of Italy. Any presentations on the dissemination of scientific knowledge with uncertainly are welcome.
Type of presentation Oral and Poster presentation
Invited papers 1.
SATO, Tsutomu (Hokkaido University)
WATANABE, Mitsuhisa (Toyo University)
HARA, Keitarou (Tokyo University of Information Sciences)
HIRAKAWA, Kazuomi (Hokkaido University)
IWAFUNE, Masaki (Shigakukan University)

ISHIBASHI, Katsuhiko (Kobe University)
IRIKURA, Kojiro (Aichi Institute of Tecnology)
SUGIYAMA, Yuichi (Advanced Industrial Science and Technology)
IKEDA, Yasutaka (Tokyo University)

YAMASATO, Hitoshi (Japan Meteorological Agency)
HIRAKAWA, Hideyuki (Osaka University)
SUZUKI, Shinbi (NHK)
MAEDA, Kenji (Japan Meteorological Agency)